Category Archives: caffeine

New research recognizes the danger energy drinks may pose to public health

energy_drink1FoodFacts.com knows there are so many things for parents to worry about when it comes to their teenagers. While we’re not happy to have added to their list of concerns, we’ve been consistently reporting on research and news surrounding energy drinks. These drinks have been linked to thousands of emergency room visits and fatalities among adults and young people alike. Unfortunately, energy drinks appear to be most appealing to teenagers and they’re consuming them in unhealthy quantities all over the world. Today we’ve learned that these dangers are being recognized.

Increased consumption of energy drinks may pose danger to public health, especially among young people, warns a team of researchers from the World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe in the open-access journal Frontiers in Public Health.

Energy drinks are non-alcoholic beverages that contain caffeine, vitamins, and other ingredients for example, taurine, ginseng, and guarana. They are typically marketed as boosting energy and increasing physical and mental performance.

João Breda, from the WHO Regional Office for Europe, and colleagues reviewed the literature on the health risks, consequences and policies related to energy drink consumption.

“From a review of the literature, it would appear that concerns in the scientific community and among the public regarding the potential adverse health effects of the increased consumption of energy drinks are broadly valid,” write the authors.

Part of the risks of energy drinks are due to their high levels of caffeine. Energy drinks can be drunk quickly, unlike hot coffee, and as a result they are more likely to cause caffeine intoxication.

Studies included in the review suggest that caffeine intoxication can lead to heart palpitations, hypertension, nausea and vomiting, convulsions, psychosis, and in rare cases, death. In the USA, Sweden, and Australia, several cases have been reported where people have died of heart failure or were hospitalized with seizures, from excess consumption of energy drinks.

Research has shown that adolescents who often take energy drinks are also more likely to engage in risky behaviours such as sensation seeking, substance abuse, and binge drinking.

Over 70% of young adults (aged 18 to 29 years) who drink energy drinks mix them with alcohol, according to an EFSA study. Numerous studies have shown that this practice is more risky than drinking alcohol only, possibly because these drinks make it harder for people to notice when they are getting drunk.

According to the National Poison Data System in the United States, between 2010 and 2011, 4854 calls to poison information centers were made about energy drinks. Almost 40% involved alcohol mixed with energy drinks. A similar study in Australia demonstrated a growth in the number of calls about energy drinks.

Energy drinks can be sold in all EU countries, but some countries have introduced regulations, including setting rules for sales to children. Hungary introduced a public health tax that includes energy drinks in 2012. In Sweden, sales of some types of energy drinks are restricted to pharmacies and sales to children are banned.

“As energy drink sales are rarely regulated by age, unlike alcohol and tobacco, and there is a proven potential negative effect on children, there is the potential for a significant public health problem in the future,” the authors conclude.

They make the following suggestions to minimize the potential for harm from energy drinks:

- Establishing an upper limit for the amount of caffeine allowed in a single serving of any drink in line with available scientific evidence;
- Regulations to enforce restriction of labeling and sales of energy drinks to children and adolescents;
- Enforcing standards for responsible marketing to young people by the energy drink industry;
- Training health care practitioners to be aware of the risks and symptoms of energy drinks consumption;
- Patients with a history of diet problems and substance abuse, both alone and combined with alcohol, should be screened for the heavy consumption of energy drinks;
- Educating the public about the risks of mixing alcohol with energy drinks consumption;
- Further research on the potential adverse effects of energy drinks, particularly on young people.

We’re grateful for many of the statements released from this report. First among them would have to be the acknowledgement that health concerns surrounding energy drinks are valid. Unfortunately, here in the U.S., there’s been little — if any — movement by the FDA to restrict and reclassify energy drinks from nutritional supplements to beverages, or to regulate their sale among young people. Every instance of a link between death and energy drinks is accompanied by a disclaimer that no cause and effect had been found. And the consistent marketing of energy drinks by manufacturers in manners that are attractive to teens has not changed. Even the packaging designs employed are obviously targeting a younger population. FoodFacts.com hopes that this European report sends a loud message across the globe and is thoroughly digested here in the states. These are significant acknowledgements that need to be taken seriously.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/10/141014170727.htm

New study links energy drinks to caffeine syndrome and heart problems

Heart attackAfter years of hearing about the possible relationship between energy drinks and emergency room visits and even deaths, FoodFacts.com is excited to share this important information. Finally there’s been a study conducted that takes a good look at the effects of energy drinks.

Energy drinks can cause heart problems according to research presented at the European Society of Cardiology Congress 2014 by Professor Milou-Daniel Drici from France.

During the two year study period, 257 cases of adverse effects related to energy drinks were reported, of which 212 provided sufficient information for food and drug safety evaluation. They found that 95 of the reported adverse events had cardiovascular symptoms, 74 psychiatric, and 57 neurological, sometimes overlapping. Cardiac arrests and sudden or unexplained deaths occurred at least in 8 cases, while 46 people had heart rhythm disorders, 13 had angina and 3 had hypertension.

Caffeine syndrome was the most common problem, occurring in 60 people. It is characterized by a fast heart rate (called tachycardia), tremor, anxiety and headache. The study analyzed adverse events reported between 1 January 2009 and 30 November 2012. Some 15 specialists including cardiologists, psychiatrists, neurologists and physiologists contributed to the investigation and results were compared to published data in the scientific literature.

The researchers found that consumption of the 103 energy drinks in France increased by 30% between 2009 and 2011 up to over 30 million liters. The leading brand made up 40% of energy drinks consumed. Two-thirds of drinks were consumed away from home.

Professor Drici said, “So-called ‘energy drinks’ are popular in dance clubs and during physical exercise, with people sometimes consuming a number of drinks one after the other. This situation can lead to a number of adverse conditions including angina, cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat) and even sudden death.”

Around 96% of these drinks contain caffeine, with a typical 0.25 litre can holding 2 espressos worth of caffeine. Caffeine is one of the most potent agonists of the ryanodine receptors and leads to a massive release of calcium within cardiac cells. This can cause arrhythmias, but also has effects on the heart’s abilities to contract and to use oxygen. In addition, 52% of drinks contain taurine, 33% have glucuronolactone and two-thirds contain vitamins.

“In 2008 energy drinks were granted marketing authorization in France. In 2009 this was accompanied by a national nutritional surveillance scheme which required national health agencies and regional centers to send information on spontaneously reported adverse events to the A.N.S.E.S, the French agency for food safety.”

Rare but severe adverse events were also associated with these drinks, such as sudden or unexplained death, arrhythmia and heart attack (myocardial infarction). Their literature search confirmed that these conditions can be related to consumption of energy drinks.

Drici added,”Patients with cardiac conditions including catecholaminergic arrhythmias, long QT syndrome and angina should be aware of the potential danger of a large intake of caffeine, which is a stimulant that can exacerbate their condition with possibly fatal consequences.

“The general public need to know that so-called ‘energy drinks’ have absolutely no place during or after physical exercise, as compared with other drinks designed for that purpose. When used in long alcoholic cocktails, the caffeine in ‘energy drinks’ enables young people in dance clubs or elsewhere to overcome the unwanted effects of alcohol, leading to an even greater intake of caffeine.

“Patients rarely mention consumption of energy drinks to their doctors unless they are asked. Doctors should warn patients with cardiac conditions about the potential dangers of these drinks and ask young people in particular whether they consume such drinks on a regular basis or through binge drinking.”

Energy drinks are too popular. They’re too popular among teens, young adults and adults. And regardless of whether or not any direct links have been found between the enormous increase of emergency room visits and deaths that have involved energy drink consumption, these drinks are dangerous. This new research certainly reflects that and is just the beginning of what we’re certain will be many new revelations regarding the importance of avoiding energy drinks.

http://www.science20.com/news_articles/caffeine_syndrome_energy_drinks_linked_to_heart_problems-143804

FDA petitioned to order warnings on energy drink labels

Energy DrinksJust last week we posted about the untimely death of a 16 year old girl that has been linked to energy drinks. FoodFacts.com consistently posts about reports regarding the dangers of these drinks that remain unregulated and far too popular among the teenage population. The problems aren’t small and the needs are big. There’s far too little education regarding energy drinks among the population at large. Too much caffeine, too many other ingredients with stimulant properties and too much marketing to teens … we have a problem and regulation seems to be slow in coming.

A consumer advocacy group on Wednesday asked the U.S. Food and Drug Administration to add a safety warning on energy drinks because the caffeine-charged beverages have been linked to 17 deaths since October 2012.

No study has proven that energy drinks directly caused these deaths, but 34 people died in the United States in the last decade after drinking 5-Hour Energy, Monster or Rockstar beverages, according to the Center for Science in the Public Interest.

More than 50 people also were hospitalized for high blood pressure, convulsions and heart attacks after consuming energy drinks. The drinks, which are especially popular with teens, typically contain guarana, taurine and caffeine.

“I don’t think anybody knows what (these chemicals in energy drinks) do,” said Michael F. Jacobson, executive director of CSPI, which calculated the numbers using data it obtained from the FDA. “It’s not clear what their risks are.”

The FDA said it has been studying the drinks for several years and is evaluating the deaths. “This does not necessarily mean that the energy drink caused the death,” an FDA spokesperson said. “Frequently there are other complicating factors, such as existing disease or medications the person may have been taking.”

Spokespeople for Monster Beverage Corp, Rockstar Energy Drink and 5-Hour Energy were not immediately available for comment.

“Energy drinks are safe. They meet all the standards required by the federal regulators,” said Christopher Gindlesperger, a spokesman for the American Beverage Association.

CSPI also asked the FDA to lower the legally allotted amount of caffeine in energy drinks to 71 milligrams per 12 ounces — the amount permissible in colas.

In 2005, the group urged the FDA to introduce labels to sugar-rich drinks warning consumers of obesity. Two years prior, CSPI succeeded in a 10-year campaign to list data on trans fats on all Nutrition Facts labels.

If you’ve ever walked into a convenience store between the hours of 2:30 and 3:30 in the afternoon, you’ve undoubtedly encountered a flood of teens. That’s certainly not a bad thing. Teens are hungry after school and they have a new freedom they didn’t have before they were in high school. Unfortunately, if you’ve seen that flood of teenagers in the store, you’ve probably also noticed how many cans of energy drinks are being purchased. The concerns are serious and very real. We can’t repeat it enough. Talk to your teenagers. Be careful. Keep your kids safe.

http://www.foxnews.com/health/2014/06/26/consumer-group-wants-fda-to-order-warning-on-energy-drinks/

Energy drinks … the news gets worse

Energy DrinksEnergy drinks have consistently been in the news over the past few years. They’re dangerous. And most aren’t regulated the way they should be because they’ve managed to fall into the “special” category of nutritional supplements. That categorization has helped manufacturers avoid conforming to the maximum caffeine content allowed in sodas and other beverages (71 mg. per 12 ou.). Energy drinks contain other stimulants in addition to caffeine. Ingredients like guarana seed extract and taurine are common in energy drinks and have stimulant properties. Emergency room visits that are linked to energy drinks are rampant. Deaths have been linked to the drinks, but no direct cause and effect has ever been established. What’s worse is that kids (especially teens) are consuming too many energy drinks far too often.

While we hate to be the bearer of more bad news on the subject, the report that follows deserves your attention.

A grieving Arizona mother is claiming that energy drinks were a major factor in the shocking death of her 16-year-old daughter.

Lanna Hamann was on vacation in Rocky Point, Mexico when her mother, Kris Hamann, received a call saying her daughter had died from a heart attack. Lanna was travelling with friends, who told Kris that the teen had been drinking energy drinks all day, rather than keeping hydrated with water.

On Saturday June 14, Lanna complained to the father of one of her friends that she was not feeling well, after a day drinking the energy drinks at the beach. Soon after, she suffered a heart attack and died.

In a tearful interview, Kris described the star softball athlete as having a “beautiful smile” and an “outgoing personality.”

“Obviously, this is something that could have happened anywhere, whether she was in Mexico or whether she was here in Arizona playing softball,” Kris said. “(Parents should) make sure they’re watching their kids. (Watch) what they’re drinking and (make sure) they’re drinking water instead of an energy drink.”

Consuming large quantities of energy drinks can become dangerous.

“Blood pressure is going to rise. Heart rate is going to rise. Your muscles are going to start to contract,” said registered dietitian Abby Nevins. “So if you’re taking a bunch of 5 hour energies throughout the day, not hydrating with water, there is going to be a problem at the end of the day for sure.”

Nevins recommended a cup of coffee for consumers looking for that extra buzz, because coffee has more natural ingredients.

In the past few years, the Food and Drug Administration has received five different reports of people whose deaths have been at least partially blamed on energy drinks.

10 common side effects of excessive energy drink consumption, including heart palpitations, chest pain and respiratory distress. Studies have also found links between energy drink consumption and arrhythmia and high blood pressure. One recent study showed serious increases in heart contraction rates within an hour of drinking an energy beverage.

FoodFacts.com wants to express our deep sadness regarding this tragic situation. In addition, we want to caution those whose immediate reaction might be that consuming energy drinks without hydrating wasn’t intelligent on the part of a 16-year-old girl. There are plenty of less-than-intelligent decisions people of all ages make every day of the week. Most don’t result in a heart attack. The problem lies less with the teenager than with readily available, unregulated products that pose an extreme danger to our kids.

Whether or not they let us know it, kids actually do listen to adults. While none of us wanted another item to add to the already long list of things about which we need to caution our teens, we certainly have it. Talk to them about energy drinks and E.R. visits and deaths. Their lives are far too important to put in danger for a currently cool, quick pick-me-up. They really can live without it.

http://www.syracuse.com/news/index.ssf/2014/06/energy_drinks_blamed_in_16-year-old_girls_death_by_heart_attack.html

Is there a connection between energy drink consumption and drug and alcohol use for teens?

197738_10150134064788407_1313366_n copy.jpgThere have been very disturbing reports about energy drink consumption for more than a few years now. FoodFacts.com has blogged about the concerns we should all have regarding the ingredients and the marketing of these controversial products. Hospitalizations and deaths have been linked to these beverages, and marketing efforts from several brands have targeted teens.

With the appeal of increased energy, better athletic performance and better focus, it’s easy to see why energy drinks have become incredibly popular for teenagers. Sadly, because the drinks are sold everywhere and aren’t regulated, many parents aren’t aware that they may not be as harmless as they appear. And we’re all aware that no brand has actually been implicated in any hospitalization or death. There have been lawsuits and news about the possible connection (not specific cause) of a particular energy drink with a tragic situation.

In a recent study published in the Journal of Addiction Medicine, it was shown that consuming energy drinks was strongly and positively associated with alcohol, cigarette, and illicit drug use in the preceding 30 days by adolescents. The observed associations between energy drinks and substance use were significantly stronger than those between regular or diet soft drinks and substance use.

The report suggests that personality traits that make a young person more likely to consume an energy drink—such as being a risk taker—may increase the chances that he or she will try addictive substances.

Researcher Yvonne M. Terry-McElrath and colleagues at the Institute of Social Research at the University of Michigan studied U.S. secondary school students in 2010 and 2011, looking at energy and soft-drink consumption and its associations with substance abuse. As part of the Monitoring the Future (MTF) study, surveys were administered to students in the 8th, 10th, and 12th grades.

Approximately 30 percent of student respondents reported consuming energy drinks or shots. The study also found that 8th graders reported a significantly higher frequency of consuming energy drinks than 10th or 12th grade students, and that the consumption frequency was significantly higher for adolescent boys than for adolescent girls. Consumption of both soda and energy drinks was highest among adolescents in families with low average parental education as well as in single-parent households.

Cautioning that this study does not establish causation between the behaviors, the researchers recommend education for parents and prevention efforts among young people. This includes information on the masking effects that the caffeine in energy drinks can have on alcohol- and other substance-related impairments, and recognition that some groups may be particularly likely to consume energy drinks and to be substance users.

Energy drinks generally contain extra-large doses of caffeine and/or other legal stimulants. An energy drink may contain between 75 milligrams to more than 200 milligrams of caffeine per serving—compared with the 34 milligrams in a Coke. Some energy drinks list additives such as guarana, which can contain about four times the amount of caffeine that coffee beans have; however, many consumers don’t recognize this ingredient as a source of caffeine.

Commenting on the study’s findings, Janet P. Engle, PharmD, FAPhA, head of the Department of Pharmacy Practice at the University of Illinois at Chicago (who was not involved in the study), advised, “Everyone wants the magic bullet for getting energized and staying awake. However, energy drinks are not the best answer. There is a lack of research and regulation associated with energy drinks, and they may cause dangerous health consequences in users.”

While there are no official recommendations for caffeine intake for adolescents, the American Academy of Pediatrics has stated that adolescents should not consume more than 100 mg of caffeine a day. The idea that different energy drink products contain different amounts of caffeine and that various ingredients in those energy drinks may have stimulant effects themselves, we can easily see how teens consuming these drinks are ingesting far too much of the substance. That’s scary.

So while we wait for the FDA to investigate the drinks further and consider regulations, it’s important for adults to take note of the new research regarding alcohol and drug use as it may relate to energy drink consumption. It’s a good idea to be add energy drinks — and caffeine consumption — to the list of things we need to be vigilant about regarding our teenagers.

http://www.healthline.com/health-news/children-who-drink-energy-drinks-higher-risk-drug-use-020714

Caffeine wakes up your memory!

For generations, coffee drinkers have attested to the idea that their favorite hot beverage helps “keep them sharp.” Tea drinkers have insisted that a hot steamy cup is more than just comforting, it’s a “pick me up,” too. A new study suggesting that caffeine might actually enhance memory could be a reasonable explanation for those claims.

There are many ways people consume caffeine, including in coffee, tea, soda and chocolate, says the study’s lead author Michael Yassa. It doesn’t matter what the source is, the effect of caffeine will likely be the same, he says.
Yassa and colleagues at Johns Hopkins University recruited 160 young, healthy participants, who did not regularly consume caffeinated products. The participants studied a series of images, then five minutes later, took either 200 milligrams of caffeine in tablet form, about the amount of caffeine in a strong cup of coffee, or a placebo.

The next day, participants were asked to identify images they had seen the day before. Some images were new, and some were similar but not exactly the same. For example, if they were shown a picture of a yellow rubber duck originally, the next day, it was a picture of a rubber duck that was shorter and thicker, says Yassa, who was at Johns Hopkins when the study was conducted but now is an assistant professor of neurobiology and behavior at the University of California-Irvine.

Findings published in the journal Nature Neuroscience: The people who consumed caffeine were more likely to correctly identify the similar items as slightly different from the original picture. The brain’s ability to recognize the difference between two similar but not identical items reflects a deep level of memory discrimination, Yassa says.

Another example of pattern separation is remembering where one’s car is parked today vs. yesterday, he says. “This type of discrimination is involved in every facet of memory,” Yassa says.

The researchers also had participants consume 100 milligrams and 300 milligrams of caffeine and found 100 milligrams was not effective at getting the memory boost, Yassa says. The 300-milligrams dose was no more effective than 200 milligrams, and at the higher amount, people started to report some side effects such as headaches and feeling jittery, he says. “The 200-milligram might be the most optimal dose to get this memory boost.”

One strong cup of coffee might contain 200 milligrams of caffeine, he says. A typical espresso has 80 milligrams, so a double-shot latte will have 160 milligrams, he says.

Other research has found that low doses of caffeine have beneficial effects on attention and focus, Yassa says. A few studies on caffeine’s effect on humans have found little or no effect on long-term memory retention, but numerous studies in animals have shown that caffeine has a beneficial effect, he says.

While this study is encouraging, he cautions that high doses of caffeine can have negative effects, such as anxiety, increased heart rate, increased blood pressure and headaches. “I’m not going to stop drinking my coffee, but it’s important to be aware of the costs and benefits,” he says. “Drinking coffee late at night is not going to be helpful for most people.”

Everyone in the FoodFacts.com community is aware of the negative effects of overdoing caffeine. But we also know there are plenty of coffee and tea drinkers out there who will appreciate the findings of this study. It’s another good reason to enjoy their favorite morning brew, especially in these chilly winter months!

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2014/01/13/caffeine-boosts-memory/4457591/

The great debate : Caffeine … Energy drinks. What’s safe?

FoodFacts.com has posted often on our blog about the potential dangers of energy drinks. The information is certainly out there. Between 2007 and 2011, emergency room visits attributed to the consumption of energy drinks doubled from 10,000 to 20,000 in just four years. And most of those visits involved teenagers and young adults. But it isn’t just energy drinks that contain questionable amounts of caffeine. It was pretty recently that a major manufacturer halted the development of caffeinated chewing gum. And let’s not forget about caffeine pills that aren’t marketed to kids.

Christian Brenner was trending on the internet today. He’s an adult who claims he absolutely had caffeine poisoning. He swallowed five Magnum 357 caffeine pills and then drove down an Ohio freeway. Just minutes later he said he started to vibrate – and so did the cars in his rear view mirror. He was smart and pulled over to walk around and try to calm things down.

We hear so many conflicting reports on caffeine. So what’s the deal? Is caffeine safe? How much is too much? Should we be avoiding it completely?

Experts say that, in fact, you can overdose on caffeine … especially if you aren’t paying attention to how much you’re consuming.

“Safe doses of caffeine are usually quoted at around 200 to 300 milligrams, or two to four cups of coffee per day,” says Dr. David Seres, associate professor of clinical medicine at Columbia University.

We’re sure that we’ve all seen people consume more coffee than that in a single day. Especially these days, when a typical 8 ounce cup is considered small, it’s much easier than it used to be to ingest more caffeine than what’s quoted as safe.

But what about the studies that have linked caffeine to actual health benefits? Some research has associated caffeine with protection from Parkinson’s disease; others have noted that it may reduce risk for some types of cancer.

We can take advantage of those potential benefits, while keeping our consumption to the moderate levels advised by experts. Christian Brenner may have been unaware that those five caffeine pills he took contained 200 mg of caffeine each. That’s 1,000 mg. at one time. And that is just too much.

Energy drinks also pose the question “How much is too much?” A regular size can of Red Bull will usually contain about 80 mg. of caffeine. But there are 16 ounce cans of some brands out there. The larger can of Monster can contain up to 240 mg. That’s a bit less than a 16 ou. cup of coffee, which contains about 300 mg. There’s really a big difference here though. It would be unusual for a coffee drinker to down back to back 16 ounce coffees, while it’s become fairly common (especially for younger people) to consume two or three larger-sized energy drinks before a workout or a practice or a game thinking that the drinks are going to help their performance.

Barbara Crouch, executive director at the Utah Poison Control Center, comments, “When you pound down more than one energy drink verses sipping a cup of coffee, you’re not metabolizing it the same way.” She notes that adding factors like size, age, sex, drug interactions, hydration levels and the amount of food in the stomach can mean different outcomes for different people when on a caffeine binge.

“Yes, there is absolutely such a thing as caffeine poisoning, and the dose essentially makes the poison,” she says.

But Crouch has a bigger bone to pick with the makers of energy drinks: She says that many of them aren’t being fully forthcoming about ingredients. “Natural” additives — such as guarana, taurine and so-called “Siberian ginseng” — haven’t been fully tested. These additives may contain additional caffeine and some of the herbs can have stimulatory effects. They’ve never been tested for safety of interactions with prescription drugs and other substances.

But James Coughlin, a food, nutritional, chemical and toxicology safety expert in Los Angeles who consults for the American Beverage Association (the industry group that represents energy drink companies), disputes that.

“The caffeine contained in the guarana of an energy drink is only around one milligram, versus the 80 milligrams of synthetic caffeine added by a beverage company such as Red Bull,” he says. “The lethal dose of caffeine is 10 to 20 grams of pure powder caffeine, so if you were going to try and kill yourself with caffeine, you’d probably drown in the liquid first if you did it with coffee — and even more so with an energy drink.”

There is a very real debate occurring around energy drinks and the overall safety of caffeinated products. But regardless of that debate, the increase in energy drink-related ER visits is very real and can’t be ignored.

And while we’re all happy that the FDA is taking a new look at energy drinks, caffeinated foods and how and to whom these products are marketed, FoodFacts.com agrees with the concept that not everyone is always aware of how much caffeine they really may be consuming.

Barbara Crouch cautions that people should monitor caffeine intake from all sources. “So you have that cup of coffee, but lo and behold you decide to get an extra-dark bar of chocolate,” she says. “Or you drink a soda. Or maybe you do take an allergy pill or a dietary supplement.” Sometimes people miss the fine print on labels about stimulant properties in all these products. We should be paying attention to our consumption of caffeine the way we pay attention to our consumption of other ingredients in our food supply.

http://www.cnn.com/2013/12/03/health/upwave-caffeine-overdose/index.html?hpt=he_c1

Wrongful death suit brought against manufacturer of Red Bull

Last week, a New York family brought an $85 million lawsuit against the makers of Red Bull Energy Drink. The Brooklyn construction worker was 33 years old when he passed away after a basketball game in 2011. His family claims that his death was a direct result of consuming Red Bull prior to that game.

While Monster Beverage Company is facing at least two lawsuits claiming wrongful death as a result of consumption of the company’s energy drinks, this new case is believed to be the first of its kind filed against Red Bull. This only adds to the growing concerns regarding energy drinks and their health effects. Currently, the FDA is investigating the possible dangers of these beverages and exploring their classification as dietary supplements.

Energy drinks have been linked to health difficulties ranging from dizziness to hospitalization. Last year, the FDA released a list of “adverse events,” including death and illness, from June 2005 to late 2012 in which consumption of energy drinks (specifically those marketed as dietary supplements) may have been involved. And according to The Daily News, between 2004 and 2012, the F.D.A. received 21 reports from doctors or hospitals in which Red Bull may have been associated with a variety of health issues.

Cory Terry, the deceased construction worker profiled in this wrongful death lawsuit, was known as a regular Red Bull consumer. The medics who arrived on the scene did seem to link his consumption of the product to his death in their report. Terry’s relatives are suggesting that drinking Red Bull had something to do with his passing.

Doctors noted the cause of Terry’s death as idiopathic dilated cariomyopathym or DCM which is a form of heart failure. It can be caused by a variety of conditions including viral infection, heredity and alcoholism. We don’t know if DCM has ever been linked to energy drink consumption.

What we do know is that many popular energy drinks pack a pretty powerful stimulant punch, using ingredients like guarana seed extract and taurine in addition to caffeine. Both guarana and taurine have stimulant effects. It is true that emergency room visits caused by energy drinks have more than doubled in the last five years. And because many of those drinks are classified as dietary supplements, manufacturers are not following the same regulations for caffeine content as beverage manufacturers. The FDA limits caffeine content to 70 mg per 12 ounce serving of a beverage. But that same regulation doesn’t exist for a dietary supplement. Some energy drinks can contain up to 500 mg of caffeine (the equivalent of 14 cans of caffeinated soda).

Energy drinks are especially harmful for children and teenagers. The American Academy of Pediatrics has stated emphatically that energy drinks should never be consumed by children. The American Medical Association has endorsed a ban on the marketing of energy drinks to children.

Here at FoodFacts.com, we’ve got most energy drinks sitting squarely on our “avoid” list. We’re not happy with the idea that as long as manufacturers can claim that these products are dietary supplements, we won’t know how much caffeine they actually contain. And with the use of ingredients like taurine and guarana seed, the stimulant effect of any energy drink may well be more than the average consumer expects.

That being said, we’re also not sure if anyone can draw a straight line between the death of Cory Terry and Red Bull. If he drank Red Bull regularly it might be difficult to prove that when he consumed it that final time it was a direct cause of his heart failure.

We anxiously await decisions from the FDA that offer solutions to the problems concerning energy drink ingredients. In the meanwhile, let’s steer our kids clear of these products.

http://thinkprogress.org/health/2013/10/29/2854701/red-bull-energy-lawsuit/

Your morning coffee or tea might offer more perks than previously thought

Most of us here at FoodFacts.com really enjoy our hot morning cup or tea or coffee. It’s enjoyable, satisfying and does a great job of perking us up – moving us from that sleepy morning state to the wide awake, ready-to-take-on-the-day state. Today we discovered that there may be more to love about our “Morning Joe” than we thought.

An international team of researchers led by Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School (Duke-NUS) and the Duke University School of Medicine suggest that increased caffeine intake may reduce fatty liver in people with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).
Worldwide, 70 percent of people diagnosed with diabetes and obesity have NAFLD, the major cause of fatty liver not due to excessive alcohol consumption. It is estimated that 30 percent of adults in the United States have this condition, and its prevalence is rising in Singapore. There are no effective treatments for NAFLD except diet and exercise.

Using cell culture and mouse models, the study authors — led by Paul Yen, M.D., associate professor and research fellow, and Rohit Sinha, Ph.D of the Duke-NUS Graduate Medical School’s Cardiovascular and Metabolic Disorders Program in Singapore — observed that caffeine stimulates the metabolization of lipids stored in liver cells and decreased the fatty liver of mice that were fed a high-fat diet. These findings suggest that consuming the equivalent caffeine intake of four cups of coffee or tea a day may be beneficial in preventing and protecting against the progression of NAFLD in humans.

“This is the first detailed study of the mechanism for caffeine action on lipids in liver and the results are very interesting,” Yen said. “Coffee and tea are so commonly consumed and the notion that they may be therapeutic, especially since they have a reputation for being “bad” for health, is especially enlightening.”

FoodFacts.com finds this research especially fascinating, specifically because of the commonly held idea that caffeine is a “bad” thing. It is fascinating to see research reveal healthful properties of caffeine that were previously unknown. Coffee and tea can be the best part of the morning for many consumers. It’s something that people look forward to, but may have felt somewhat “quietly guilty” about. We’re happy to see findings like this, so that we can begin to replace that “quiet guilt” with the knowledge that we may actually be helping our bodies remain healthy. We look forward to more research into this important topic.

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130816153019.htm

Added caffeine in food products that aren’t energy drinks … more FDA investigations

FoodFacts.com has been keeping close watch on the controversial topic of energy drinks during the last year. The issue of caffeine (and hidden caffeine) in those drinks has become a major concern for consumers due to a spate of energy-drink related hospital emergencies and even some fatalities. Sadly, during that same time period, many food companies have been manufacturing and promoting other food products with added caffeine.

Wrigley has suspended production on their new Alert Energy Gum … chewing gum with added caffeine, just as the FDA announced that they will be investigating the safety of added caffeine and its effects on children and adolescents. They are already investigating the safety of energy drinks and have now added other food products to their list of caffeine concerns.

Caffeine has the regulatory classification of “generally recognized as safe,” or GRAS, which means manufacturers can add it to products and then determine on their own whether the product is safe. The addition of caffeine to gum and other products is raising questions about whether or not GRAS is working for consumers.

Caffeine is not a new an unusual ingredient. It is, however, currently available to consumers in food products in which it is not usually found. The major concern is how easy it is for children and adolescents to consume these products and the effects those products could have on the health of the younger generations. While Wrigley’s has stated that their caffeinated gum is for adult use only, gum is a product that’s pretty popular with kids. And they could be adversely affected by the 40 mg of caffeine in each piece (about the amount found in a half cup of coffee).

Caffeine can be found in some jelly beans, trail mix, potato chips and other snack foods. While manufacturers state that the marketing of those products is directed towards adults, it’s pretty obvious that candy and snacks are appealing to children. We already know that too much caffeine can be a danger for kids. The American Academy of Pediatrics says that caffeine has been linked to harming developing neurologic and cardiovascular systems. While one serving of a product with added caffeine wouldn’t be harmful, it is concerning that kids could be consuming an unsafe amount of caffeine over the course of any given day if it is added to products like candy and gum.

While the FDA acknowledges that the reports it has received regarding illnesses, hospitalizations and deaths after the consumption of energy drinks do not prove that the drinks caused the injuries or fatalities, it is fairly obvious that they are related in some form. The agency has stated that it would take action if they could link these incidents directly to the consumption of energy drinks.

FoodFacts.com likes a good cup of coffee as much as anyone. But we don’t think that adding caffeine to products that are attractive to children and young teens makes sense – especially when we’re talking about gum, candy or other snack products. We’re happy that Wrigley’s halted the production of its “energy gum.” It was the right thing to do. The disturbing reports regarding energy drinks are frightening enough. We look forward to the results of the FDA investigations of added caffeine and its harmful effects.

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